The Department for Education publishes achievement and attainment data (key stage results, GCSE, A level and equivalent) for all primary and secondary schools including state and private schools. You can access the latest data for a specific school, for the county, or by town and postcode, using their performance tables.
The National Curriculum applies to pupils of compulsory school age in maintained schools. It is organised on the basis of four key stages.
Key Stage 1: Ages 5-7 (Years 1-2)
Key Stage 2: Ages 7-11 (Years 3-6)
Key Stage 3: Ages 11-14 (Years 7-9)
Key Stage 4: Ages 14-16 (Years 10-11).
Key Stage 1 tasks and tests are taken at the end of the Key Stage 1 programme of study, normally in Year 2 when children are seven years old. The tests cover reading, writing and mathematics.
Key Stage 2 tests are taken at the end of the Key Stage 2 programme of study normally in Year 6 when children are 11 years old. Children have to be assessed at working at level 3 or above to take the tests. The subjects covered are English and mathematics.
GCSEs are usually taken at the end of year 11.
The ‘English Baccalaureate’ is not a separate qualification but is a performance measure introduced by the Government in 2010. It records the number of pupils who gain a C grade or higher in GCSE exams for English mathematics, history or geography, the sciences, and a foreign language.
Pupil data by location of pupil residence is now available at ward level from Neighbourhood Statistics.
It is possible to estimate the number of pupils staying on at school from the Department for Work and Pensions data on child benefits claimed for children aged 16-19 who must be in full time school education.